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Barbara Myerhoff

Credit: Photograph by Vincent J. Grass.
Courtesy of Sonia Press Fuentes.

People

Browse this section for short profiles of some of the thousands of Jewish women found throughout jwa.org. We will be adding new profiles to this section regularly and welcome your suggestions for women to add.

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Showing 51 - 75 of 1116
Name & Description
Date of Birth
Birth Place
Arbatova, Mia 2 - still image [media]
Mia Arbatova

Told first by her parents that dancing was immodest and then by Israeli settlers that dancing was bourgeois, Mia Arbatova defied her critics and became a pioneer of ballet in Israel.

1911
Belarus
Arbel, Chaya - still image [media]
Chaya Arbel

Raised as a kibbutznik and taught that music was frivolous, Chaya Arbel only began pursuing a musical career in her forties, but went on to become one of Israel’s great modern composers.

June 18, 1921
Nuremberg
Germany
Diane Arbus Identical Twins
Diane Arbus

Wildly controversial in her lifetime, Diane Arbus was only fully recognized for her contributions to the art of photography after her death.

March 14, 1923
New York, New York
United States
Rita Arditti photo
Rita Arditti

As a Sephardic Jew from Argentina, Rita Arditti’s experience as “a minority within a minority” drove her to document another invisible group: the grandmothers of the disappeared children.

1934
Buenos Aires
Argentina
Arendt, Hannah - still image [media]
Hannah Arendt

Hannah Arendt grappled with the Holocaust throughout her lifetime, creating the concept of “the banality of evil” to understand the widespread complicity in the mass killings.

October 14, 1906
Wilhelmine
Germany
Eve Arnold
Eve Arnold

The first American woman accepted into the groundbreaking cooperative Magnum Photos, Eve Arnold was hailed for both her photojournalism and her more artistic work.

April 21, 1913
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
United States
Arnon, Ruth - still image [media]
Ruth Arnon

Immunologist Ruth Arnon and her long-time collaborator Michael Sela made unprecedented breakthroughs when they developed the first synthetic antigen and the first drug approved for treating multiple sclerosis, Copaxone.

Tel Aviv
Israel
Margaret Gene Arnstein

Margaret Gene Arnstein’s belief that nurses should be involved in health policy and research helped transform her profession.

October 27, 1904
New York, New York
United States
Arnstein, Fanny - still image [media]
Fanny Baronin Von Arnstein

Franziska “Fanny” von Arnstein, who rose to the rank of baroness, navigated the artistic and political upheaval of the Napoleonic Era as a hostess of salons which welcomed celebrities ranging from Horatio Nelson to Schopenhauer.

November 29, 1758
Berlin
Germany
Jeannette Arons

Jeannette Arons served in a variety of roles with the National Council of Jewish Women, from helping juvenile offenders rebuild their lives to helping Jewish immigrants become citizens.

July 14, 1881
Brooklyn, New York
United States
Adrien Arpel cover
Adrien Arpel

Adrien Arpel started her own business two days out of high school, becoming a leader in the field of cosmetics for her innovations in department store makeovers and her belief that women needed knowledgeable advice tailored to their needs.

July 15, 1941
Jersey City, New Jersey
United States
Patricia Arquette Heart Truth
Patricia Arquette

Patricia Arquette has navigated a career path from Hollywood to television and back again, culminating in a landslide of awards for her supporting role in 2014’s Boyhood.

April 8, 1968
Chicago, Illinois
United States
Bea Arthur
Bea Arthur

Bea Arthur made a career of playing formidable, opinionated women in movies and on television.

May 13, 1926
New York, New York
United States
Dora Askowith

Dora Askowith tried to galvanize Jewish students into social activism and leadership by teaching them the history of their faith.

August 30, 1884
Kovno
Russia
Auerbach, Ellen - still image [media]
Ellen Auerbach

Ellen Auerbach was remarkable both for her avant-garde photography and for her innovative and successful ringl+pit studio where she and fellow artist Grete Stern signed all their work collaboratively.

May 20, 1906
Karlsruhe
Germany
Beatrice Fox Auerbach cover
Beatrice Fox Auerbach

Beatrice Fox Auerbach ran her family’s department store, G. Fox and Company, for thirty years, introducing innovations to customer service and helping women and minorities climb the corporate ladder.

July 7, 1887
Hartford, Connecticut
United States
Auerbakh, Rokhl - still image [media]
Rokhl Auerbakh

Rokhl Auerbakh’s determination to record everything she witnessed in the Holocaust led to her creating the questionnaires to capture other survivors’ stories for war crime trials and Holocaust memorials.

December 18, 1903
Lanowce
Ukraine
Auslander, Rose - still image [media]
Rose Auslander

Confined to her bed and unable to write for a decade, the gifted poet Rose Ausländer dictated many of her works.

May 11, 1901
Cernauti
Ukraine
Sophie Cahn Axman

Sophie Cahn Axman became known as “the angel of the Tombs” for her work as a probation officer helping troubled children.

July 25, 1865
Washington, District Of Columbia
United States
Self-Portrait by Helene Aylon
Helène Aylon

Through her art, Helène Aylon explored the intersectionality among her feminism, the Orthodox Judaism of her upbringing, and her place in a war-torn world.

February 4, 1931
Brooklyn, New York
United States
Ayrton, Hertha - still image [media]
Hertha Ayrton

The first woman proposed for membership in the Royal Society, Hertha Ayrton created inventions from tools architects used for enlarging and reducing drawings to fans that could clear poison gas from mine shafts.

April 28, 1854
Portsmouth
United Kingdom
Azaryahu, Sara 2 - still image [media]
Sara Azaryahu

In hopes of creating a place where neither her religion nor her gender would make her a second-class citizen, Sara Azaryahu dedicated herself to founding a Jewish state, but was disappointed by the sexism that remained in her society.

1873
Dinaburg
Latvia
Babatha scroll
Babatha

Spirited and determined, Babatha repeatedly fought for her rights in court, showing the differences between the ideal world of the Mishnah and the real lives of second century Jews.

2nd Century CE
Mahoza
Israel
Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall

Lauren Bacall smoldered on screen with what became known as her signature “look,” glancing up with a downturned chin, shining in her roles both alone and opposite her husband, Humphrey Bogart.

September 16, 1924
Brooklyn, New York
United States
Badt-Strauss, Bertha - still image [media]
Bertha Badt-Strauss

Bertha Badt-Strauss used her writing to create a broader range of possible identities for women in the cultural Zionist movement called the Jewish Renaissance.

December 7, 1885
Breslau
Germany

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How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "People." (Viewed on March 29, 2015) <http://jwa.org/people>.

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