Jewish Women on the Map - Chimborazo Hospital - Richmond National Battlefield Park
Phoebe Yates Pember was served as the matron of Richmond's Chimborazo Hospital from 1862 until the end of the Civil War. A sprawling institution on the outskirts of the city, Chimborazo was reportedly the largest military hospital in the world at the time and served some 76,000 patients. Pember led one of the facility's five divisions. It was an unusual job for a woman, at a time when virtually all nursing was done by men.
Her memoirs, A Southern Woman's Story: Life in Confederate Richmond ( 1879), which details her daily life through anecdotes of the war years, remains one of the best sources for understanding the experiences and ideas of upper-class Southern Jewish women before and during the Civil War.
Today the Chimborazo Hospital is owned by the National Park Service and is used as the visitor center for the Richmond National Battlefield Park.
To learn more about Phoebe Yates Pember: http://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/pember-phoebe-yates-levy
To learn more about Chimborazo Hospital: http://www.mdgorman.com/Hospitals/history_of_chimborazo.htm
To learn more about Richmond National Battlefield Park: http://www.nps.gov/rich/index.htm
Phoebe Yates Pember
http://www.lib.unc.edu/. This photo is in the public domain.
Photo by Taber Andrew.