Di Flikhten fun a froy in geburt kontrol (A Woman's Duty in Birth Control: A Drama in Four Acts), by Samuel B. Grossman, 1916: Within one generation after Margaret Sanger introduced the highly controversial concept of "birth control" to American society, average Jewish family size had declined to the national average, subsequently falling below it. These two Yiddish plays—Birth Control or Race Suicide and A Woman's Duty in Birth Control—were written in the same year that Sanger and others opened America's first birth-control clinic in Brooklyn, New York, home to many Jewish and other new immigrants. Women were alerted to the clinic's opening through the distribution of five thousand leaflets in English, Italian, and Yiddish. Police closed the clinic within ten days. Birth Control or Race Suicide, by the prolific playwright Harry Kalmanowitz, was performed in 1916 at New York's Roof Garden Theater.
Institution:U.S. Library of Congress, Hebraic Section