Iael Nidam-Orvieto gained her Ph.D. at the Institute of Contemporary Jewry of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where she now serves as lecturer. Her area of specialization is the Holocaust, particularly as this relates to Italy, rescue operations, everyday life, education and Jewish leadership. She is also involved in oral documentation and contemporary West-European Jewry. She has published a number of articles on Italy during the Fascist and Nazi regimes. Two books are forthcoming from Yad Vashem: The Children of Villa Emma: A Unique Chapter in the Rescue of Children during the Holocaust and In the Face of Mounting Crisis: Italian Jewry, 1938–1943. The latter deals with Italian Jewry’s response to the antisemitic legislation of the Fascist regime.