Malvina Halberstam is professor of law at the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, Yeshiva University. A graduate of Brooklyn College (B.A.) and Columbia University (J.D., M.I.A.), Halberstam clerked for federal district Judge Edmund L. Palmieri (following Ruth Ginsburg in that position) and served as an assistant district attorney in New York County under the Frank Hogan (the first woman appointed by him). In 1985–1986 she served as Counselor on International Law in the United States Department of State, Office of the Legal Advisor. In that capacity she headed the U.S. delegation to negotiations on a treaty on terrorism on the high seas, which was adopted in 1988. Her writings include International Agreements on Women’s Rights: An Alternative to ERA?, coauthored with Elizabeth DeFeis, and articles on international law, human rights, terrorism and the Arab-Israeli conflict.