Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia


Shiphrah: Bible

by Mayer I. Gruber

Shiphrah (more commonly spelled, "Shifra") is one of the two named midwives who serve the Hebrew women in Egypt and who contravene Pharaoh’s order to kill at birth all Hebrew males. The feminine proper name Shiphrah is also attested as the name of an Asiatic slave woman in an eighteenth-century b.c.e. papyrus from Egypt.


Albright, W. F. “Northwest-Semitic Names in a List of Egyptian Slaves from the Eighteenth Century bc.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 74 (1954): 222–233.


Meyers, Carol, General Editor. Women in Scripture. New York: 2000.

How to cite this page

Gruber, Mayer I.. "Shiphrah: Bible." Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. 20 March 2009. Jewish Women's Archive. (Viewed on April 20, 2014) <>.