Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia

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Israela Oron

b. 1952

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Brigadier General Israela Oron, O.C Women's Corps, and Esther Herlitz, presenter, at "Dor l'Dor Yabia Omer," a meeting held on the occasion of a visit of Women Veterans of ATS and WAAF to the Chen Training Camp in Sarafand, June 19, 1996.

Institution: Esther Herlitz


by Alice Shalvi

Born on September 9, 1952 in Busk (Poland, after World War I Ukraine), Israela Oron came to Israel as a child in 1957. Her father, Nathan Naor, was also born in Busk, in 1921. He completed high school and worked as a logistics manager. His wife, Edzia, a homemaker, was born in 1916 in Tomaszów Lubelski (Poland). During World War II both she and Nathan escaped from the Germans to Russia and spent the war in one of Stalin’s camps in Siberia. After the war, the couple met in Busk and married in 1950. Their older daughter, Yehudit (Shemesh), was born in 1951.

Israela enlisted in the IDF in October 1970. In 1998 she was appointed commander of the central training base for women, where she was responsible for all the IDF’s basic and officer training of women. In 1991 she was the first woman to be appointed deputy to the IDF’s spokesperson and directed the unit’s operations throughout the Gulf War. In 1993, Oron, who holds both a B.A. degree in psychology from the University of Haifa and an M.Sc. in Business Administration from Tel Aviv University, was the first woman to be appointed a faculty member at the IDF National Defense College, the highest academic facility for all security entities, where she was in charge of developing and implementing the college’s defense strategy studies and its curriculum.

In 1994 Oron was promoted to OC Women’s Corps, with the rank of Brigadier General. At the time, women in the IDF felt like “second-class citizens”; it was difficult to open up additional military professions for them and to advance their status within the IDF. The Women’s Corps was accused of holding back women’s advancement both by overprotecting them and because of its reluctance to transfer responsibility for women’s service to male commanders. The situation called for profound reform of the Women’s Corps, but despite the recognized need for such reform, it was not implemented before her time, because it was seen as too risky a move, one which might have left young women without protection in a male environment and could have deprived the Women’s Corps of substantial power. The reform was finally instituted during Oron’s term of office, step by step, starting with integration of basic training of men and women. However, she resisted the notion of extending the abolition of the Women’s Corps to include abolition of the HQ of its commander—a step that would have left the entire area of women’s service uncared for.

Oron was active in effecting women’s integration into the military and in ensuring the recognition of their enormous potential in contributing to the IDF. She was the first to state frankly that nobody was doing the women a favor by opening new jobs for them, but that this was just a better use of human resources. In consequence, she helped expand women’s training and was the first to integrate men and women in combat units as fighters. During her term of office, the Supreme Court petition, Alice Miller vs. Israel Air Force, in which the plaintiff was represented by the Israel Women’s Network, led to a change of policy, compelling the IDF to permit women to take selection tests for combat duties in general and pilot training in particular.

Following her honorable discharge from the IDF in 1997, Oron joined Price Waterhouse Cooper, where she was a director and head of the company’s Department of Organization and Change Strategy in Israel. Since 2000 she has been the deputy national security advisor for planning and infrastructure at the Israel National Security Council.

Oron is married and the mother of a daughter, Rony, born in 1976.

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How to cite this page

Shalvi, Alice. "Israela Oron." Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. 1 March 2009. Jewish Women's Archive. (Viewed on April 17, 2014) <http://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/oron-yisraela>.